By : Dr. Muhammad Iqbal & Dr. Muhammad Zafar Iqbal


Educational leadership is key to the success of educational organization. The purpose of this study was to identify the problems and issues faced by educational leader to manage the quality of higher educational institutions. The study also examined the ethical behavior of educational leaders. All the heads of universities of Punjab Pakistan were the population of the study. The sample of 20 heads (10 public and 10 private) departments and 20 employees (10 public and 10 private) were selected through convenient sampling technique. Semi- structured interview were conducted from heads. The validity of interview protocol was done through pilot interview and expert opinion. The focused group discussion was also conducted among employees to collect information about ethical behavior of heads. The collected data from interviews and focused group discussion was then analyzed by using descriptive coding technique. The study revealed that Educational leaders were facing diversified problems such as: resource constraints and political pressure, the study also explored that educational leaders’ were lacking in their ethical behavior, especially in private sector universities.

Download Presentation   Download Paper